Irish Journal of Paramedicine

The Irish Journal of Paramedicine (IJP) is an open access, peer-reviewed, international journal dedicated to advancing and promoting the science of paramedicine, prehospital care, research, education, policy, management and operational delivery, with a focus on Irish research.

It is free to read, and free to publish in the IJP. We do not charge any fees of any kind. Registering as a user of the site is optional - all content can be accessed without a user account.

The Irish Journal of Paramedicine (IJP) is the official journal of the Irish College of Paramedics, the professional body for Irish prehospital emergency care practitioners.

IJP Covers 2016-2019

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The views expressed by the authors of articles published in the Irish Journal of Paramedicine are not necessarily those of the Irish College of Paramedics or the IJP editorial board and should not be quoted as such.

This journal adheres to all recommendations and guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Vol 4, No 1 (2019)

Table of Contents


Ryan Bennett, Brett Williams

Original Research

Matthew S Leyenaar, Walter Tavares, Gina Agarwal, Andrew P Costa
Graham George Munro, Peter O'Meara, Bernice Mathisen
Anthony Scott Devenish, Glenn McKay, David Nicholas Long, Peter David Horrocks, Michael Smith

Literature Review

Scott Ramey, Alexander MacQuarrie, Alyson Cochrane, Ivan McCann, C. William Johnston, Alan M Batt